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Coal Ash Deposition on Nozzle Guide Vanes: Part II—Computational Modeling

[+] Author Affiliations
B. Barker, B. Casaday, P. Shankara, A. Ameri, J. P. Bons

The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Paper No. GT2011-46660, pp. 1757-1767; 11 pages
  • ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 6–10, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5465-5
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


Coal ash deposition was numerically modeled on a GE-E3 high pressure turbine vane passage. A model was developed, in conjunction with Fluent™ software, to track individual particles through the turbine passage. Two sticking models were used to predict the rates of deposition which were subsequently compared to experimental trends. The strengths and limitations of the two sticking models, the critical viscosity model and the critical velocity model, are discussed. The former model ties deposition exclusively to particle temperature while the latter considers both the particle temperature and velocity. Both incorporate some level of empiricism, though the critical viscosity model has the potential to be more readily adaptable to different ash compositions. Experimental results show that both numerical models are reasonably accurate in predicting the initial stages of deposition. Beyond the initial stage of deposition, transient effects must be accounted for.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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