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Effects of Rotation on Jet Impingement Channel Heat Transfer

[+] Author Affiliations
Justin A. Lamont, Srinath V. Ekkad

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. GT2011-45744, pp. 1269-1278; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2011-45744
From:
  • ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 6–10, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5465-5
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

The effects of the Coriolis force and centrifugal buoyancy is investigated in rotating internal serpentine coolant channels in turbine blades. For complex flow in rotating channels, detailed measurements of the heat transfer over the channel surface will greatly enhance the blade designer’s ability to predict hot spots so coolant air may be distributed more effectively. The present study uses a novel transient liquid crystal technique to measure heat transfer in a rotating, radially outward channel with impingement jets. This is the beginning of a comprehensive study on rotational effects on jet impingement. A simple case with a single row of constant pitch impinging jets with crossflow effect is presented to demonstrate the novel liquid crystal technique and document the baseline effects for this type of geoemtry. The present study examines the differences in heat transfer distributions due to variations in jet Rotation number and jet orifice-to-target surface distance. Colder air below room temperature is passed through a room temperature test section to simulate the centrifugal buoyancy effect seen in a real engine environment. This ensures that buoyancy is acting in a similar direction as in actual turbine blades where walls are hotter than the coolant fluid. Three parameters were controlled in the testing: jet coolant-to-wall temperature ratio, average jet Reynolds number, and average jet Rotation number. Results show, like serpentine channels, the trailing side experiences an increase in heat transfer and the leading side experiences a decrease for all jet channel height to jet diameter ratios (H/dj ). At a jet channel height to jet diameter ratio of 1, the cross-flow from upstream spent jets greatly affects impingement heat transfer behavior in the channel.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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