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Pressure Side and Cutback Trailing Edge Film Cooling in a Linear Nozzle Vane Cascade at Different Mach Numbers

[+] Author Affiliations
Giovanna Barigozzi, Antonio Perdichizzi, Silvia Ravelli

Università degli Studi di Bergamo, Dalmine, BG, Italy

Paper No. GT2011-45898, pp. 399-411; 13 pages
  • ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 6–10, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5465-5
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


Tests on a specific designed linear nozzle guide vane cascade with trailing edge coolant ejection were carried out to investigate the influence of trailing edge bleeding on both aerodynamic and thermal performance. The cascade is composed of six vanes with a profile typical of a high pressure turbine stage. The trailing edge cooling features a pressure side cutback with film cooling slots, stiffened by evenly spaced ribs in an inline configuration. Cooling air is ejected not only through the slots but also through two rows of cooling holes placed on the pressure side, upstream of the cutback. The cascade was tested for different isentropic exit Mach numbers, ranging from M2is = 0.2 to M2is = 0.6, while varying the coolant to mainstream mass flow ratio MFR up to 2.8%. The momentum boundary layer behavior at a location close to the trailing edge, on the pressure side, was assessed by means of Laser Doppler measurements. Cases with and without coolant ejection allowed to identify the contribution of the coolant to the off the wall velocity profile. Thermochromic Liquid Crystals (TLC) were used to map adiabatic film cooling effectiveness on the pressure side cooled region. As expected, the cutback effect on cooling effectiveness, compared to the other cooling rows, was dominant.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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