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Fragmentation of a Single Molten Copper Droplet Compared With Molten Copper Jets Penetrating a Sodium Pool

[+] Author Affiliations
Zhi-Gang Zhang, Wataru Itagaki, Ken-Ichiro Sugiyama, Tadashi Narabayashi

Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Satoshi Nishimura, Izumi Kinoshita

Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Komae, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. ICONE16-48878, pp. 883-890; 8 pages
  • 16th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 3: Thermal Hydraulics; Instrumentation and Controls
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, May 11–15, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4816-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3820-X
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


The progression of hypothetical core disruptive accidents in metallic fuel fast breeder reactors is strongly affected by the exclusion of molten metallic fuels from the core region due to the molten fuel-coolant interaction (FCI). As a basic simulation study of FCI, the present paper focuses on the fragmentation of a single molten copper droplet from 1g to 5g, which penetrated a sodium pool at instantaneous contact interface temperatures Ti from 995°C to 1342°C. Intensive fragmentation of single molten copper droplet was clearly observed in all runs even if Ti s are below the melting point (1083°C) of copper except low Ti s. In the low Ti s condition the mass median diameters Dm of droplet fragments both the same and different mass scatter widely. When Ti s are somewhat below and above the melting point, the Dm s of copper droplet with the different mass of 5 times or the same mass differ very little, nearly the same. The present Dm s show somewhat larger distribution than the Dm s of molten copper jets with large mass in the low superheating condition, which were previously reported by the authors. The correlation between molten metal droplets and jets found in the present study is very useful to conservatively predict the fragment size in the FCI of molten jets.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Copper , Jets , Sodium



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