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Effect of Size and Slip Coefficient of a Porous Manifold on Thermal Stratification in Storage Tanks

[+] Author Affiliations
N. M. Brown

University of Technology, Kingston, Jamaica

F. C. Lai

University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK

Paper No. HT2009-88596, pp. 843-850; 8 pages
  • ASME 2009 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the InterPACK09 and 3rd Energy Sustainability Conferences
  • Volume 3: Combustion, Fire and Reacting Flow; Heat Transfer in Multiphase Systems; Heat Transfer in Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Low Temperature Heat Transfer; Environmental Heat Transfer; Heat Transfer Education; Visualization of Heat Transfer
  • San Francisco, California, USA, July 19–23, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4358-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3851-8
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Numerical simulations have been performed to study the effects of size and slip coefficient of a porous manifold on the thermal stratification in a storage tank. The model is used to predict the development of flow and temperature fields during a charging process. Computations have covered a wide range of the Grashof number (1.8 × 105 < Gr < 1.8 × 108 ) and Reynolds number (10 ≤ Re ≤ 104 ), or in terms of the Richardson number, 10−2 < Ri < 105 . The results obtained compare favorably well with the experimental data. In addition, the present results have confirmed the effectiveness of porous manifold in the promotion of thermal stratification and provide useful information for the design of such system.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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