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Study the Shielding Gas Effect on the Metal Transfer and Weld Pool Dynamics in GMAW

[+] Author Affiliations
Z. H. Rao, S. M. Liao

Central South University, Changsha, China

J. Hu

University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT

H. L. Tsai

Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO

Paper No. HT2009-88407, pp. 675-684; 10 pages
  • ASME 2009 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the InterPACK09 and 3rd Energy Sustainability Conferences
  • Volume 3: Combustion, Fire and Reacting Flow; Heat Transfer in Multiphase Systems; Heat Transfer in Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Low Temperature Heat Transfer; Environmental Heat Transfer; Heat Transfer Education; Visualization of Heat Transfer
  • San Francisco, California, USA, July 19–23, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4358-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3851-8
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


This paper studied the influences of shielding gas compositions on the transport phenomena in the metal domain during gas metal arc welding (GMAW). A comprehensive model was developed to simulate the time-dependent processes of the electrode melting; the droplet formation, detachment, transfer and impingement onto the workpiece; the weld pool dynamics and bead formation and their transient coupling with the arc plasma. The transient melt-flow velocity and temperature distributions in the metal shielded by pure argon and argon-helium mixtures with various mixing ratios are presented. It is predicted that the increase of helium content and the resulting arc contraction induce an upward electromagnetic force at the bottom of the droplet to sustain the droplet at the electrode tip. As a result, the more oblate droplet and the longer droplet formation time are produced. The behaviors of the predicted droplet shape and detachment frequency are in agreement with the published results. It is also found that, under the identical energy input, the weld bead has a shallower penetration depth and broader bead width when helium content increases.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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