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A New Criterion for the Onset of Liquid Entrainment From a Stratified Two-Phase Region Through a Small Branch

[+] Author Affiliations
Mahmoud Ahmed, Ahmed Hamza H. Ali

Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

Paper No. HT2009-88536, pp. 505-510; 6 pages
  • ASME 2009 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the InterPACK09 and 3rd Energy Sustainability Conferences
  • Volume 3: Combustion, Fire and Reacting Flow; Heat Transfer in Multiphase Systems; Heat Transfer in Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Low Temperature Heat Transfer; Environmental Heat Transfer; Heat Transfer Education; Visualization of Heat Transfer
  • San Francisco, California, USA, July 19–23, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4358-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3851-8
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


A new criterion has been developed to predict the onset of liquid (heavier fluid) entrainment from a stratified two-phase region through single and dual branches mounted on a vertical wall. This criterion was based on the local instability of the interface between two fluids due to the suction effect associated with the discharging of the lighter fluid. To validate the criterion, a three-dimensional model has been developed to predict the critical height at the onset of liquid entrainment. Comparisons between the theoretical critical heights with the available experimental data demonstrated a very good concurrence between the predicted and the measured values for both single and dual branches. This indicated that the onset of liquid entrainment mechanism occurs due to local flow instability of the interface analogous to Taylor instability.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME
Topics: Bifurcation



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