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Numerical Modeling of Liquid Drop Spreading Behavior on Inclined Surfaces

[+] Author Affiliations
Young-Gil Park, Anthony M. Jacobi

University of Illinois, Urbana, IL

Paper No. HT2009-88353, pp. 367-373; 7 pages
  • ASME 2009 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the InterPACK09 and 3rd Energy Sustainability Conferences
  • Volume 3: Combustion, Fire and Reacting Flow; Heat Transfer in Multiphase Systems; Heat Transfer in Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Low Temperature Heat Transfer; Environmental Heat Transfer; Heat Transfer Education; Visualization of Heat Transfer
  • San Francisco, California, USA, July 19–23, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4358-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3851-8
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


A numerical study was conducted on the spreading behavior of liquid drops on flat solid surfaces. The model predicts the shape of liquid-vapor interface under static equilibrium using an unstructured surface grid composed of triangular elements. Incremental movement of base contour, i.e. solid-liquid-vapor contact line, is also captured such that the constrained boundary conditions, i.e. advancing and receding contact angles, can be satisfied. The numerical model is applied to a common experiment that studies the behavior of liquid drops on inclined surfaces, where the shape of the drops change in response to an alteration of total volume or gravitational direction. On a heterogeneous surface that has contact angle hysteresis, the shape of the base contour on the solid surface is not determined uniquely but rather dependent upon history. This study demonstrates such dependence by comparing the spreading of a liquid drop on a solid surface with different quasi-equilibrium paths.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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