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Experimental Investigation on Heat Transfer of CO2 Solid-Gas Two Phase Flow With Dry Ice Sublimation

[+] Author Affiliations
Xin-Rong Zhang

Peking University, Beijing, China

Hiroshi Yamaguchi

Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan

Paper No. HT2009-88144, pp. 253-257; 5 pages
  • ASME 2009 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the InterPACK09 and 3rd Energy Sustainability Conferences
  • Volume 3: Combustion, Fire and Reacting Flow; Heat Transfer in Multiphase Systems; Heat Transfer in Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Low Temperature Heat Transfer; Environmental Heat Transfer; Heat Transfer Education; Visualization of Heat Transfer
  • San Francisco, California, USA, July 19–23, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4358-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3851-8
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


From the viewpoint of protecting the ozone layer and preventing global warming, there is now strong demand for science and technology based on ecologically safe ‘natural’ working fluids. A CO2 refrigeration method has been proposed and developed several years ago, using CO2 solid-gas two phase fluid as refrigerant. Heat transfer of the CO2 solid-gas two phase flow in a horizontal tube is important to design of such a refrigeration system. In the present paper, an experiment work is conducted to measure its heat transfer characteristics in the horizontal tube. The results show an average value 310 W/(m2 -K) of heat convective coefficient is experimentally obtained, which is much higher than that of gas flow. In the sublimation area, the Nusselt number is observed to increase slowly along the tube length, the phenomena may be physically explained that the sublimation process changes the thermal boundary layer thickness; makes the flow turbulence stronger; or changes the flow and the pressure fields.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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