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Justification of Fire Field Models by Atrium Hot Smoke Tests

[+] Author Affiliations
W. K. Chow

Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China

S. S. Li

Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China

C. L. Chow

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Paper No. HT2009-88083, pp. 21-25; 5 pages
  • ASME 2009 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the InterPACK09 and 3rd Energy Sustainability Conferences
  • Volume 3: Combustion, Fire and Reacting Flow; Heat Transfer in Multiphase Systems; Heat Transfer in Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Low Temperature Heat Transfer; Environmental Heat Transfer; Heat Transfer Education; Visualization of Heat Transfer
  • San Francisco, California, USA, July 19–23, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4358-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3851-8
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Computer thermal fire models are used in hazard assessment for performance-based fire design. Fire field model using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is now a popular design tool. The thermal fire environment can be predicted in a ‘microscopic’ picture with air flow pattern, pressure and temperature contours. However, most of the field models are only validated by some experiments not specially designed for such purpose. Whether those models are suitable for use is queried, leading to challenges. In this paper, prediction on smoke filling in a big atrium by the CFD tool Fire Dynamics Simulator developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in USA was justified by field tests. Smoke layer interface height and air temperatures inside the atrium were taken as the parameters. CFD results predicted were compared with the field measurement results.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME
Topics: Fire , Smoke



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