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The Effect of Intake Valve Deactivation on Lean Stratified Charge Combustion at an Idling Condition of a Spark-Ignition Direct-Injection (SIDI) Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
Ronald O. Grover, Jr., Junseok Chang, Edward R. Masters, Paul Najt

General Motors R&D, Warren, MI

Aditya Singh

General Motors Technical Center India, Bangalore, India

Paper No. ICEF2011-60171, pp. 491-514; 24 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEF2011-60171
From:
  • ASME 2011 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • ASME 2011 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • Morgantown, West Virginia, USA, October 2–5, 2011
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4442-7
  • Copyright © 2011 by General Motors

abstract

A combined experimental and analytical study was carried out to understand the improvement in combustion performance of a 4-valve SIDI wall-guided engine operating at lean, stratified idle with enhanced in-cylinder charge motion by deactivating one of the two intake valves. A fully warmed-up engine was operated at low speed, light load by injecting the fuel from a pressure-swirl injector during the compression stroke to produce a stratified fuel cloud surrounding the spark plug at the time of ignition. Steady state flow-bench measurements and CFD calculations showed that valve deactivation primarily increased the in-cylinder swirl intensity as compared with opening both intake valves. Engine dynamometer measurements showed an increase in charge motion led to improved combustion stability, increased combustion efficiency, lower fuel consumption, and higher dilution tolerance. A CFD study was conducted using in-house models of spray and combustion to simulate the engine operating with and without valve deactivation. The computations demonstrated that the improved combustion was primarily driven by higher laminar flame speeds through enhanced mixing of internal residual gases, better containment of the fuel cloud within the piston bowl, and higher post-flame diffusion burn rates during the initial, main, and late stages of the combustion process, respectively.

Copyright © 2011 by General Motors

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