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A Computational Investigation of Piston Bowl Geometry for a Large Bore Two-Cycle Diesel Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
Jonathan Dolak, Deep Bandyopadhyay

Electro-Motive Diesel, LaGrange, IL

Paper No. ICEF2011-60155, pp. 57-64; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEF2011-60155
From:
  • ASME 2011 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • ASME 2011 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • Morgantown, West Virginia, USA, October 2–5, 2011
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4442-7
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

The objective of this research was to optimize an Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) large-bore, two-cycle diesel engine (710 cubic inches of displacement per cylinder) at high load to minimize soot, nitrogen oxide (NOx) and fuel consumption. The variables considered were the number of spray-hole nozzles per injector, including spray angle and piston bowl geometry, for a range of injection pressures. Analytical simulations were conducted for a calibrated EMD 710 Tier 2 engine and a few of the top-performing cases were studied in detail. CONVERGE™, a commercially available, advanced combustion simulation software was used in this analysis. A surface deforming tool, Sculptor®, was used to obtain various piston bowl geometries. MiniTab® was utilized for statistical analysis. Results show that optimal combinations of injection variables and piston bowl shape exist to simultaneously reduce emissions and fuel consumption compared to Tier 2 EMD 710 engines. These configurations will be further tested in a single-cylinder test cell and presented later. This investigation shows the importance of bowl geometry and spray targeting on emissions and fuel consumption for large-bore, two-stroke engines with high power density.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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