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Statistical Characteristics in Water Jet Discharged From a Central-Body Nozzle

[+] Author Affiliations
Can Kang, Feng Zhang, Dong Liu, Minguan Yang

Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China

Paper No. FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30183, pp. 137-143; 7 pages
  • ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting collocated with 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting: Volume 2, Fora
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 1–5, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4949-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3880-8
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


As a special nozzle, central-body nozzle has attracted a lot of attention since its concept was proposed in 1980s. With Karman vortex street principle and phase-change theory, cavitation is expected to occur just after the central body. However, turbulent features in water jet flow discharged from central-body nozzle have not been illustrated by sufficient experimental data when water is ejected into ambient air. Under jet pressures of 11MPa, 13MPa and 17MPa, free water jet discharged from a central-body nozzle was experimentally studied. Phase Doppler particle anemometry (PDPA) was applied to measure non-intrusively the flow fields. Four traverse sections were selected for data visualization and representative description of the flow features. Control volumes at center and rim of the four sections were monitored for recording of every validated single droplet passing through. Experiment results indicate that pressure increase influences maximum velocity significantly. Obvious statistical characteristics exist at jet center and jet rim. The statistical feature of the droplet distribution varies slightly with pressure increase. Turbulent fluctuation is proved to be in reasonable relation to droplet behavior and droplet diameter distribution.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Nozzles , Water



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