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Investigation of the Behavior of Ventilated Supercavities

[+] Author Affiliations
Ellison Kawakami, Roger E. A. Arndt

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

Paper No. FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30984, pp. 57-64; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30984
From:
  • ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting collocated with 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting: Volume 2, Fora
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 1–5, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4949-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3880-8
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

A study has been carried out at the Saint Anthony Falls Laboratory (SAFL) to investigate various aspects of the flow physics of a supercavitating vehicle. For the experimental work presented here, artificial supercavitation behind a sharp-edged disk was investigated for various model configurations. Results regarding supercavity shape, closure, and ventilation requirements versus Froude number are presented. Conducting experiments in water tunnels introduces blockage effects that are not present in nature. As a result, effects related to flow choking are also discussed. Various methods for computing ventilated cavitation number, including direct measurement of pressure, Laser Doppler Velocimetry, and use of previous numerical results, were compared. Results obtained are similar in character to previous results from various authors, but differ significantly in measured values. Supercavitation parameters, especially the minimum obtainable cavitation number are strongly affected by tunnel blockage.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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