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Hg Emission Modeling for a Blended Coal Particle

[+] Author Affiliations
Madhu B Puchayakala, Kalyan Annamalai

Texas A&M University

Paper No. IMECE2006-13908, pp. 247-257; 11 pages
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Energy Conversion and Resources
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4783-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


The largest source of human-caused mercury air emissions in the U.S principle is from combustion coal, a dominant fuel used for power generation. The coal chlorine content and ash composition, gas temperature, residence time and presence of different gases will decide the speciation of Hg into Hg° (elemental form) and HgCl2 (oxidized form). The extent of oxidation depends on the concentration of chlorine in flue gases. In order to predict the % of oxidized Hg, a transient model for combustion of a coal particle is formulated including Hg reactions. The model assumes that mercury and chlorine are released as a part of volatiles in the form of elemental mercury and HCl. A three step reaction is implemented for the oxidation of mercury. The model investigates the effect of coal blend with feedlot biomass (FB or Cattle manure), ambient temperature, and particle size on the extent of mercury oxidization. Mercury oxidation (HgCl2 ) increased with increase in diameter of particle and FB % in blended fuel.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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