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Numerical Simulation of Thermal Stress Fields in Thermoplastics in a Pulsed Laser Welding Process

[+] Author Affiliations
Gregory J. Kowalski, Richard A. Whalen

Northeastern University, Boston, MA

Paper No. IMECE2007-43678, pp. 497-508; 12 pages
  • ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Design and Manufacturing
  • Seattle, Washington, USA, November 11–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4297-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3812-9
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


A numerical simulation code is developed and used to derive relationships between the incident laser radiation, the thermal stress field, and the size and shape of the heat affected (HAZ) and melt zones for a pulsed laser transmission welding process. The material used in the investigation is a high density polyethylene thermal plastic. The numerical model uses the Fourier heat conduction thermal model and the welding process involves the lap welding of two thin layers of thermoplastic films with the welding conditions of a transparent material over a semi-transparent or opaque material. The Fourier model is valid due to the high thermal pulse velocity through the material. The results are compared to the published data on thermoplastic welding criteria and the legitimacy of these criteria are discussed.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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