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Approach to Derivation of Waste Acceptance Criteria for Mochovce Disposal Facility

[+] Author Affiliations
V. Hanušík, Z. Kusovská, A. Mršková

Nuclear Power Plants Research Institute, Trnava, Slovak Republic

J. Baláž

SE VYZ Slovak Electric Enterprises

Paper No. ICEM2003-4797, pp. 839-844; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEM2003-4797
From:
  • ASME 2003 9th International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental Remediation
  • 9th ASME International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental Remediation: Volumes 1, 2, and 3
  • Oxford, England, September 21–25, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division and Environmental Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3732-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3731-9
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

In Slovakia, low and intermediate level radioactive wastes are disposed in a near-surface repository at Mochovce site. The repository, which was commissioned in September 2001, has a disposal capacity 22,320 m3 . It is a vault-type concrete structure repository with reinforced concrete containers as the final waste packages. The Mochovce repository is designed to receive acceptable radioactive wastes from decommissioned A-1 power plant at Jaslovské Bohunice, operational waste from NPPs V-1 and V-2 at Jaslovské Bohunice site and NPP Mochovce, as well as institutional radioactive wastes. Generally, calculation endpoint of disposal facilities performance assessment is radiological impact on humans and environment. In that case, starting points of assessment are the waste activity concentrations and inventory activity. The acceptance of radioactive waste in Mochovce repository is one of the many elements that directly contribute to the safety of the disposal system. In Mochovce repository safety analysis, end points are both the concentration per package and total activity values. On the other hand, radiological protection criteria are the starting points of the calculation. This approach was developed and applied because the actual inventory that will be disposed of is highly uncertain. As a result of the accidents, the primary circuit was contaminated by fission products. Some auxiliary circuits and facilities were also contaminated. The complicated problem is the relatively high content of long-lived radionuclides (inclusive transuranic elements) in some waste streams. After two technological incidents at NPP A-1 uncertainties in waste inventory are large because of variability in the types of waste streams and variability in the quality and completeness of the waste characterization data. This paper presents the philosophy of safety analysis, development of scenarios, their modelling and approach that have been used to derive waste acceptance criteria, specifically limits of activity. The approach consists of the determination of radionuclides important for safety, the use of relevant safety scenarios, the setting of dose limits associated with scenarios, the calculation of activity limits and application of the simple summation rule. Finally, information is provided about short operation of the repository.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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