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The Innovations, Technology and Waste Management Approaches to Safely Package and Transport the World’s First Radioactive Fusion Research Reactor for Burial

[+] Author Affiliations
Keith Rule, Erik Perry, Jim Chrzanowski, Mike Viola, Ron Strykowsky

Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

Paper No. ICEM2003-4938, pp. 321-325; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEM2003-4938
From:
  • ASME 2003 9th International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental Remediation
  • 9th ASME International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental Remediation: Volumes 1, 2, and 3
  • Oxford, England, September 21–25, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division and Environmental Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3732-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3731-9
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

Original estimates stated that the amount of radioactive waste that will be generated during the dismantling of the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (Fig. 1) will approach 2 Million Kilograms with an associated volume of 2500 cubic meters. The materials were activated by 14 Mev neutrons and were highly contaminated with tritium, which present unique challenges to maintain integrity during packaging and transportation. In addition, the majority of this material is stainless steel and copper structural metal that were specifically designed and manufactured for this one-of-a-kind fusion research reactor. This provided further complexity in planning and managing the waste. We will discuss the engineering concepts, innovative practices, and technologies that were utilized to size reduce, stabilize and package the many unique and complex components of this reactor. This waste was packaged and shipped in many different configurations and methods according to the transportation regulations and disposal facility requirements. For this particular project we were able to utilize two separate disposal facilities for burial. This paper will conclude with a complete summary of the actual results of the waste management costs, volumes, and best practices that were developed from this groundbreaking and successful project.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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