Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Backstepping for Active Control of Surge in Unshrouded Centrifugal Compressors With Magnetic Thrust Bearing Actuation

[+] Author Affiliations
Dorsa Sanadgol, Eric Maslen

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

Paper No. GT2005-68988, pp. 883-889; 7 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2005
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4727-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


The backstepping method is applied to design a controller which is capable of actively suppressing the oscillations induced by compressor surge using the sensitivity of the centrifugal compressor characteristic to the tip clearance of the unshrouded impeller. This is achieved using a magnetic thrust bearing to modulate the tip clearance of the impeller. The controller is designed with the objective that system trajectories remain on the compressor characteristic curve in the presence of disturbances downstream of the compressor. This ensures zero steady state offset of the impeller, which maintains the efficiency of the compressor. Results from simulation of the nonlinear model for a single stage high speed centrifugal compressor show that using backstepping control, mass flow and pressure oscillations associated with compressor surge are quickly suppressed with acceptable control requirements of typical machines. Further, the stable region of the compressor operation is significantly increased and the compression system will not enter surge cycles for a wide variety of disturbances downstream of the compressor.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In