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High Frequency Incipient Fault Detection for Engine Bearing Components

[+] Author Affiliations
Pattada Kallappa, Carl S. Byington, Patrick W. Kalgren, Michael DeChristopher, Sanket Amin

Impact Technologies, LLC, State College, PA

Paper No. GT2005-68516, pp. 413-427; 15 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2005-68516
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2005: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2005
  • Reno, Nevada, USA, June 6–9, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4727-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3754-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

This paper investigates the feasibility of using contact and non-contact sensors to develop an ultra high frequency (UHF) vibration monitoring system for prognostics/diagnostics of turbine engine bearings. The authors have developed ImpactEnergy™, a feature extraction and analysis driven system that integrates high frequency vibration/acoustic emission data, collected using accelerometers and a laser interferometer to assess the health of bearings and gearboxes in turbine engines. ImpactEnergy™ combines advanced diagnostic features derived from waveform analysis, high-frequency enveloping, and more traditional time domain processing like root mean square (RMS) and kurtosis with classification techniques to provide bearing health information. The intelligent UHF concepts based system (System) presented in this paper is tested and validated in a laboratory environment by monitoring multiple bearings on test rigs that replicate the operational loads of a turbomachinery environment. The UHF system is also applied to data collected on test rigs at original equipment manufacturer (OEM) locations.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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