0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Effect of Curing Process on Intercalation and Exfoliation Behavior of Epoxy/Clay Nanocomposites

[+] Author Affiliations
Chunfang Song, Weiwei Lin, Qi Wang

Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, P. R. China

Yiping Qiu

North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

Paper No. IMECE2002-39483, pp. 47-51; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2002-39483
From:
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Textile Engineering
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Textile Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3651-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

Effects of curing agents, curing conditions, and curing degree on intercalation and exfoliation behavior of epoxy/clay nanocomposites were investigated. Epoxy was cured with five curing agents, DETA, DDM, DMP-30 and two modified amines, with different curing speeds at various temperatures (from low to high). Curing degree and distance between layers of clay were measured by FTIR, XRD and TEM respectively. It was found that it was easy to intercalate clay in epoxy resin, while clay exfoliation in epoxy resin was dependent more on the curing conditions than on curing agents. Under certain curing conditions when curing speed of interlayer epoxy resin is faster than that of extralayer and fully reaches curing, exfoliation easily takes place with all these curing agents and epoxy/clay nanocomposites can be prepared. At the same time, the distance between clay layers increased from 17.5Å to about 100Å. When the curing temperature was too low, diffusion speed of the epoxy resin and the curing agents can influence the clay exfoliation. When the curing temperature was too high, epoxy was cured too rapidly, such that the high viscosity and the resultant mechanical forces will stop the exfoliation process. Only under properly temperatures when the curing speed of the interlayer epoxy is higher than that of the extralayer epoxy can exfoliation take place.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In