Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Study of Cavitation Light Emission Generated by a Waterhammer

[+] Author Affiliations
Katsuine Tabei, Shunji Mashiko, Hiroyuki Shirai

Gunma University, Kiryu, Gunma, Japan

Paper No. FEDSM2003-45274, pp. 2961-2966; 6 pages
  • ASME/JSME 2003 4th Joint Fluids Summer Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1: Fora, Parts A, B, C, and D
  • Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 6–10, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3696-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3673-8
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


Cavitation light emission generated by a waterhammer is investigated experimentally and theoretically for water containing a small amount of rare gas (xenon and argon). In the experiment, the water is forced to flow upwards in an evacuated vertical circular tube by the rapid opening of a ball valve that is connected to the liquid reservoir. The liquid vaporizes until the flow reaches the top end of the tube, and many minute cavitation bubbles are generated in the liquid. When the water column collides with the end of the closed pipe, a waterhammer with a pressure of over 1 MPa is generated in the multi-phase liquid, and it progresses toward the reverse direction. In such a process, the cavitation bubble collapses, and emits an instantaneous flash of light. Physical quantities such as the propagation velocity of the pressure waves and the cavitation emission intensity are measured. In addition, the momentary patterns of the bubbly flow and the light emission are also visualized by using an image intensifier and a stroboscope. The theory is constituted for the multi-phase flow of the waterhammer, in which the Keller and Miksis’ equation for the collapse of a bubble includes the effect of the ionization reaction of rare gas in the bubble. From the study, the following features are shown: Light emission occurs only at the front of the shock wave of the waterhammer. The position of light emission moves exactly at the same speed as the propagation speed of the pressure wave. Changes of pressure and emission intensity in the waterhammer are both strongly dependent on a void fraction. The ratio of emission intensity for water dissolved with argon and water dissolved with xenon is nearly 1:5.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In