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Bubble Size Effects on Dispersed Phase Motion in Vertical Bubbly Pipe Flow

[+] Author Affiliations
D. E. Nikitopoulos, J. Fiedler, M. Dowden, E. Evans

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

Paper No. FEDSM2003-45553, pp. 1757-1763; 7 pages
  • ASME/JSME 2003 4th Joint Fluids Summer Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1: Fora, Parts A, B, C, and D
  • Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 6–10, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3696-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3673-8
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


Three-dimensional measurements of bubble size, and velocity are presented along with the associated statistics for dilute bubbly flow in a vertical pipe. These measurements were obtained through a combination of precise index-of-refraction matching and a stereoscopic high-speed imaging system. An image-processing algorithm has been developed and used to extract instantaneous bubble size, shape, velocity and trajectory information and statistics corrected for magnification errors (maximum of 2%). The experiments have been conducted at a Reynolds of 14,600 in vertical pipe-flow and a volumetric gas flow ratio of 0.29%. Bubble sizes ranged from sub millimeter to several millimeters. The results indicate that bubbles less than approximately 20 wall units with very low ratios of rise velocity-to-liquid-average-velocity occupy the full breadth of the test section, while bubbles in the range between 20 and 60 wall units with ratios of rise-velocity-to-liquid-average-velocity greater than 0.5 are efficiently trapped by the wall and are almost exclusively found in the inner wall region (y+ < 30). Bubbles larger than 60 wall units with ratios of rise-velocity-to-liquid-average-velocity less than 0.5 are found throughout the pipe cross-section although with a strong preference to the wall neighborhood. This bubble behavior is put in perspective considering four mechanisms of bubble migration: (a) turbulent dispersion due to near-wall large scale structure, (b) inviscid transverse forces (Magnus), (c) viscous transverse forces (Saffman), and (d) unsteady transverse forces because of vortex shedding and bubble shape deformation.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Topics: Motion , Bubbles , Pipe flow



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