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Near-Wall Turbulent Structure for the Boundary Layer Developing Over a K-Type Rough Wall in Low-Reynolds-Number

[+] Author Affiliations
Takatsugu Kameda, Hideo Osaka, Shinsuke Mochizuki

Yamaguchi University, Ube, Japan

Paper No. FEDSM2003-45191, pp. 957-962; 6 pages
  • ASME/JSME 2003 4th Joint Fluids Summer Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1: Fora, Parts A, B, C, and D
  • Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 6–10, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3696-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3673-8
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


Measurements of the mean and the turbulent velocities have performed in the vicinity of a roughness element for the turbulent boundary layer developed over a k-type rough wall, which consists of two-dimensional square ribs (10mm × 10mm × 400mm) arrayed with pitch ratio of 4. The Reynolds-number Rθ and k+ based on momentum thickness θ and roughness height k are about 500 and 50 respectively, and relative roughness height k / δ = 0.156. LDV (Laser Doppler Velocitimetry) that it is possible to measure reverse flow was applied to investigate the momentum-exchange process in the open-face (yT = 0(mm)) over cavities. The variation of the mean and turbulent quantities profiles at yT = 0(mm) depend on the evolution of a free-shear layer formed behind roughness elements and the behavior of eddies in the cavity. Pressure drag coefficient acting on the roughness element in the local skin friction coefficient is 88% in the present k-type rough wall. The momentum exchange for the mean flow and turbulence contribute 6% and 56% respectively to the local skin friction coefficient.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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