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A Wind-Tunnel Study of Thermally Stratified Boundary Layers

[+] Author Affiliations
Marcio Cataldi, Juliana B. R. Loureiro, Atila P. Silva Freire

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Paper No. IMECE2002-32963, pp. 65-72; 8 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 1
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3632-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


The objective of this work is to develop, in a wind tunnel environment, boundary layers with different states of development that simulate the structure present in the atmospheric boundary layer. The work analyses the dymamic and thermal characteristics of different types of thick, artificially-generated, turbulent boundary layers. The thermal boundary layer is obtained by two methods: wall surface heating, made through electrical resistance, can furnish an increase in wall temperature of up to 100 °C above the ambient temparatures and can be applied over a 5000 mm long surface with a controlled variation of 2 °C. The main flow heating is obtained by forcing the flow pass through an array of copper wires whose elements can be heated individually. The main flow can be heated up to 100 °C. The whole system can then be used to produce unstable, neutral and stable boundary layers. The parameters of the thermal boundary layers are qualified according to the following parameters: growth, structure, equilibrium, turbulent transport of heat and energy spectrum. The paper describes in detail the experimental arrangements, including the geometry of the wind tunnel and the instrumentation.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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