Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Multi-Input Multi-Output Modal Testing Techniques for a Gossamer Structure

[+] Author Affiliations
Eric Ruggiero, Gyuhae Park, Daniel J. Inman

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA

Jan Wright

University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

Paper No. IMECE2002-33976, pp. 167-175; 9 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Adaptive Structures and Materials Systems
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3625-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


Inflated space-based structures have become popular over the past three decades due to their minimal launch-mass and launch-volume. Once inflated, these space structures are subject to vibrations induced by guidance systems and space debris as well as from variable amounts of direct sunlight. Understanding the dynamic behavior of space-based structures is critical to ensuring their desired performance. Inflated materials, however, pose special problems when testing and trying to control their vibrations because of their lightweight, flexibility, and high damping. Traditional modal testing techniques, based on single-input, single-output (SISO) methods, are limited for a variety of reasons when compared to their multiple counterparts. More specifically, SISO modal testing techniques are unable to reliably distinguish between pairs of modes that are inherent to axi-symmetric structures (such as an inflated torus, a critical component of a gossamer spacecraft). Furthermore, it is questionable as to whether a single actuator could reliably excite the global modes of a true gossamer craft, such as a 25 m diameter torus. In this study, we demonstrate the feasibility of using a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) modal testing technique on an inflated torus. In particular, the refined modal testing methodology focuses on using Macro-Fiber Composite (MFC® ) patches (from NASA Langley Research Center) as both actuators and sensors. MFC® patches can be integrated in an unobtrusive way into the skin of the torus, and can be used to find a gossamer structure’s modal parameters. Furthermore, MFC® excitation produces less interference with suspension modes of the free-free torus than excitations from a conventional shaker. The use of multiple actuators is shown to properly excite the global modes of the structure and distinguish between pairs of modes at nearly identical resonant frequencies. Formulation of the MIMO test as well as the required postprocessing techniques are explained and successfully applied to an inflated Kapton® torus.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Testing



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In