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Modeling of Electromechanical Transduction in Ionic Polymer Materials

[+] Author Affiliations
Kenneth Newbury, Donald J. Leo

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. IMECE2002-39008, pp. 47-57; 11 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Adaptive Structures and Materials Systems
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3625-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


A coupled, linear electromechanical model is developed for ionic polymer transducers. The model is based on the linear equations for a piezoelectric material. Integrating the equations over the geometry of the transducer produces a model of the electromechanical coupling of the polymer transducers as a function of fundamental material parameters and geometry. Explicit modeling of electromechanical coupling produces a model that is useful for analyzing sensing or actuation using ionic polymer transducers. Experiments on polymer samples verify the scaling of the model parameters as a function of sample length and width. The results also demonstrate the reciprocity of the electromechanical coupling. The symmetric model is expressed as a linear transformer which can be incorporated into system-level models for design of devices that utilize ionic polymer materials. The model is limited to linear operation at low-voltage with constant levels of material hydration.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Modeling , Polymers



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