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Improvements in the Power Output of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Due to the Introduction of a Curved Blade

[+] Author Affiliations
Erin K. Clarke, Sylvester Abanteriba

RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia

Paper No. FEDSM2002-31255, pp. 1075-1081; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2002-31255
From:
  • ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference
  • Volume 2: Symposia and General Papers, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 14–18, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3616-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3600-2
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

This paper examines the impact on the power generation capacity of a wind turbine as a result of the modification of the shape of the blades of an existing wind turbine. The modification involves curving the blades in the direction of rotation resulting in an increase in generated lift and therefore an increase in the power output of the wind turbine. Two three-bladed models were tested in a wind tunnel, one original straight-bladed model and one modified model both of which were 0.84 m in diameter. A study of the methods of flow visualization for a wind turbine in a wind tunnel was investigated. The corresponding results are presented. It was discovered that the china clay method of flow visualization in conjunction with a strobe light gave a good indication of the direction of the airflow over the turbine blades as did condensed oil droplets from a smoke wand which presented a very clear indication of the span-wise flow. It was concluded from the investigation that curving the blade into the direction of rotation on a wind turbine produced a greater power output at the same wind speed as an unmodified wind turbine.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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