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LES of Internal Flows in a Mixed-Flow Pump With Performance Instability

[+] Author Affiliations
Chisachi Kato

University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Hiroshi Mukai, Akira Manabe

Hitachi, Ltd., Ibaraki, Japan

Paper No. FEDSM2002-31205, pp. 955-962; 8 pages
  • ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference
  • Volume 2: Symposia and General Papers, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 14–18, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3616-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3600-2
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


This paper describes large eddy simulation (LES) of the internal flows of a high-specific-speed mixed-flow pump at low flow-rate ratios over which measured head-flow characteristics exhibits weak instability. In order to deal with a moving boundary interface in the flow field, a form of the finite-element method in which overset grids are applied from multiple dynamic frames of reference has been developed. The method is implemented as a parallel program by applying a domain-decomposition programming model. The predicted pump heads reproduce the instability and agree quantitatively well with their measured equivalents although the predicted stall takes place at somewhat lower flow-rate ratio than in the measurements. The phase-averaged distributions of the meridional- and tangential-velocity components at the impeller’s inlet and exit cross-sections were also compared with those measured by a Laser-Doppler velocimetry (LDV). Reasonably good agreements have been obtained between the computed and measured profiles. The developed LES program thus seems to be a promising design tool for a high specific-speed mixed-flow pump particularly for off-design evaluations.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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