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Non-Equilibrium Homogeneously Condensing Flow Analyses as Design Tools for Steam Turbines

[+] Author Affiliations
Shigeki Senoo, Yoshio Shikano

Hitachi, Ltd., Hitachi, Ibaraki, Japan

Paper No. FEDSM2002-31191, pp. 843-850; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2002-31191
From:
  • ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference
  • Volume 2: Symposia and General Papers, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 14–18, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3616-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3600-2
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

In order to get the details of flow fields in steam turbines, three-dimensional turbulent flow calculations are useful. However in a design procedure, three-dimensional flow calculations are only possible in the last design stage, because they need in-depth boundary conditions of both geometries and flows. At such a late time in the procedure, it is difficult to go back and change main design parameters, such as flow area and stage load. Both three-dimensional flow patterns and non-equilibrium condensation caused by rapid expansions of steam have important roles with respect to steam turbine performance particularly in low-pressure sections. The steam turbine internal efficiency can be improved by taking account of these effects in the early design stage, especially in flow pattern design. This paper describes a multi-stage through-flow calculation technique including both three-dimensional flow efffects and phase changes from vapour to small droplets. To compute the high-speed two phase steam flow, a flux-splitting procedure including non-equilibrium homogeneously condensation is introduced. Three-dimensional blade forces are calculated by using angles of both blade camber and radial lean. The blade camber lines can be decided without in-depth blade geometries. Therefore this computational technique is applicable in the flow pattern design. The calculation results agree well with fully three-dimensional flow calculation and the calculation can predict supersaturating states and Wilson lines which are defined as the maximum supercooling.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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