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Centrifugal Compressor Aerodynamic Design of Marine Engine Turbocharger by Three Dimensional Numerical Simulation

[+] Author Affiliations
Hong-Won Kim, Kook-Taek Oh, Sang-Hak Ghal, Ji-Soo Ha

Hyundai Heavy Industries Company, Ltd., Ulsan, Republic of Korea

Paper No. FEDSM2002-31178, pp. 729-734; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2002-31178
From:
  • ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference
  • Volume 2: Symposia and General Papers, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 14–18, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3616-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3600-2
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

For the centrifugal compressor aerodynamic design of a turbocharger, first of all, the works for system matching to the engine specification must be preceded. Then, mean line design together with performance prediction should be carried out for preliminary design. In the mean line prediction, a slip factor is adopted as a function of flow coefficient and geometry instead of Wiesner’s equation, and it is found that the predicted result of slip magnitude is more accurate than that of conventional slip factor. Also, three-dimensional blade profile shape is generated on the basis of the preliminary design. The Navier-Stokes Equation solver with a turbulent model is used to find whether three-dimensionally designed geometry is reasonable by analyzing loading distribution of the blade. By investigating diffuser flow field of the simulated result, the diffuser inlet and exit angles were modified for the flow to move smoothly along the diffuser geometry. Modified performance prediction results shows better than those of original specification. Consequently, off design performance prediction results and numerical simulation result show good agreement with the experimental data. The modified design results show more increased compression ratio and efficiency than those of previous design results. The increased choke margin has made a stable operating range larger.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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