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Interaction of Rim Seal and Annulus Flows in an Axial Flow Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
C. Cao, J. W. Chew

University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK

P. R. Millington, S. I. Hogg

Alstom Power, Rugby, Warwickshire, UK

Paper No. GT2003-38368, pp. 1011-1019; 9 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2003, Parts A and B
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3688-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


A combined computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and experimental study of interaction of main gas path and rim sealing flow is reported. The experiments were conducted on a two stage axial turbine and included pressure measurements for the cavity formed between the stage 2 rotor disc and the upstream diaphragm for two values of the diaphragm-to-rotor axial clearance. The pressure measurements indicate that ingestion of the highly swirling annulus flow leads to increased vortex strength within the cavity. This effect is particularly strong for the larger axial clearance. Results from a number of steady and unsteady CFD models have been compared to the measured results. Good agreement between measurement and calculation for time-averaged pressures was obtained using unsteady CFD models, which predicted previously unknown unsteady flow features. This led to fast response pressure transducer measurements being made on the rig, and these confirmed the CFD prediction.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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