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Separated Flow Transition in a Low Pressure Turbine Cascade: Mean Flow and Turbulence Spectra

[+] Author Affiliations
Ralph J. Volino

U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD

Christopher G. Murawski

Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH

Paper No. GT2003-38727, pp. 821-832; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2003-38727
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2003, Parts A and B
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3688-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

Boundary layer separation, transition and reattachment have been studied experimentally in a low-pressure turbine cascade. Cases with Reynolds numbers (Re) ranging from 50,000 to 200,000 (based on suction surface length and exit velocity) have been considered under low free-stream turbulence conditions. Mean and fluctuating velocity profiles and turbulence spectra are presented for streamwise locations along the suction side of one airfoil and in the wake downstream of the airfoils. Hot film gages on the suction side surface of the airfoil are used to measure the fluctuation level and the spectra of the fluctuations on the surface. Higher Re moves transition upstream. Transition is initiated in the shear layer over the separation bubble and leads to boundary layer reattachment. Peak frequencies in the boundary layer spectra match those found in similar cases in the literature, indicating that the important frequencies may be predictable. Spectra in the wake downstream of the airfoils were similar to the spectra in the boundary layer near the trailing edge of the airfoil. Comparisons to the literature indicate that small but measurable differences in the spectra of the low free-stream turbulence can have a significant effect on boundary layer reattachment.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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