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Studies on Effects of Periodic Wake Passing Upon a Blade Leading Edge Separation Bubble: Experimental Investigation Using a Simple Leading Edge Model

[+] Author Affiliations
K. Funazaki, K. Yamada, Y. Kato

Iwate University, Morioka, Japan

Paper No. GT2003-38281, pp. 761-769; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2003-38281
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2003, Parts A and B
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3688-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

This paper describes experimental investigation on aerodynamic interaction between incoming periodic wakes and leading edge separation bubble on a compressor or turbine blade, using a scaled leading edge model. The studies aims at expanding the range of the test conditions from that of the previous study (Funazaki and Kato [15]) in order to deepen the knowledge on how and to what extent upstream wake passing suppresses the leading edge separation bubble. Special attention is paid to the transitional behaviors of the separated boundary layers, in particular, to the emergence of wake-induced turbulence spots. Hot-wire probe measurements are then executed under five different flow conditions. The test model has a simple structure consisting of a semi-circular leading edge and two flat-plates. Cylindrical bars of the wake generator generate the periodic wakes in front of the test model. Effects of Reynolds number, Strouhal number, direction of the bar movement and incidence of the test model against the incoming flow are examined in this paper. The measurements reveal that the wake moving over the separation bubble does not directly suppress the separation bubble. Instead, wake-induced turbulence spots and the subsequent calmed regions have dominant impacts on the separation bubble suppression for the all test cases. Distinct difference of the bubble suppressing effect by the wakes is also observed when the direction of the bar movement is altered.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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