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Periodic Velocity Measurements in a Wide and Large Radius Ratio Automotive Torque Converter at the Pump/Turbine Interface

[+] Author Affiliations
S. O. Kraus, R. Flack, A. Habsieger, G. T. Gillies

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

K. Dullenkopf

Universität Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany

Paper No. FEDSM2002-31162, pp. 103-113; 11 pages
  • ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference
  • Volume 2: Symposia and General Papers, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 14–18, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3616-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3600-2
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


The unsteady flow field due to blade passing at the pump/turbine interface of a torque converter was studied. The current geometry is wide and has a large outer to inner radius ratio. A laser velocimeter was used to measure the periodic velocity components at four operating conditions determined by the speed ratios between the turbine and pump of 0.065 (near stall), 0.600, 0.800, and 0.875 (coupling point). The flow fields at the pump exit and turbine inlet planes were visualized and are presented. Using instantaneous pump and turbine blade positions with the velocity data, animations (“slow-motion movies”) are generated to effectively visualize and understand the unsteady behavior. The turbine inlet flow was markedly periodic due to the exiting jet/wake from the upstream pump passage; however, the pump exit flow field showed little dependence on the turbine blade positions. The highest unsteadiness was seen for the highest speed ratios. Four “shots” from the sequences of one cycle for all speed ratios and each plane are presented herein. The results are also compared to unsteady results for a previously examined torque converter with a small radius ratio to determine the effect of parametric geometric changes on the flow field. Generally, the unsteady velocity fields show no significant difference for the two geometries — the trends are the same.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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