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Effects of Duct Aspect Ratios on Heat/Mass Transfer With Discrete V-Shaped Ribs

[+] Author Affiliations
Dong Ho Rhee, Dong Hyun Lee, Hyung Hee Cho

Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea

Hee Koo Moon

Solar Turbines Incorporated, San Diego, CA

Paper No. GT2003-38622, pp. 509-516; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2003, Parts A and B
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3688-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


The present study investigates the effects of rib arrangements and aspect ratios of a rectangular duct simulating the cooling passage of a gas turbine blade. Two different V-shaped rib configurations are tested in a rectangular duct with the aspect ratios (W/H) of 3 to 6.82. One is the continuous V-shaped rib configuration with 60° attack angle, and the other is the discrete V-shaped rib configuration with 45° attack angle. The designed aspect ratio of the duct is obtained by changing the height with a fixed width of 150 mm. The square ribs (3 mm) with the pitch to height ratio of 10.0 are installed on the test section in a parallel arrangement for both rib configurations. Reynolds numbers based on the hydraulic diameter are changed from 10,000 to 30,000 in this study to investigate the variation of duct Reynolds number. A naphthalene sublimation method is used to measure local heat/mass transfer coefficients. For the continuous V-shaped rib configuration, two pairs of counter-rotating vortices are generated in a duct, and high transfer region is formed at the center of the ribbed walls of the duct. However, for the discrete V-shaped rib configuration with 45° attack angle, complex secondary flow patterns are generated in the duct due to its geometric feature, and more uniform heat/mass transfer distributions are obtained for all tested cases.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Topics: Heat , Mass transfer , Ducts



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