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Effect of Film Cooling on Low Temperature Hot Corrosion in a Coal Fired Gas Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
Vaidyanathan Krishnan, J. S. Kapat, Y. H. Sohn, V. H. Desai

University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL

Paper No. GT2003-38593, pp. 415-422; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2003-38593
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2003, Parts A and B
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3688-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

In recent times, the use of coal gas in gas turbines has gained a lot of interest, as coal is quite abundant as a primary source of energy. However, use of coal gas produces a few detrimental effects that need closer attention. This paper concentrates on one such effect, namely hot corrosion, where trace amounts of sulfur can cause corrosion (or sulfidation) of hot and exposed surfaces, thereby reducing the life of the material. In low temperature hot corrosion, which is the focus of this paper, transport of SO2 from the hot gas stream is the primary process that leads to a chain of events, ultimately causing hot corrosion. The corrosion rate depends on SO2 mass flux to the wall as well as wall surface temperature, both of which are affected in the presence of any film cooling. An analytical model is developed to describe the associated transport phenomena of both heat and mass in the presence of film cooling The model predicts how corrosion rates may be affected under operating conditions. It is found that although use of film cooling typically leads to lower corrosion rate, there are combinations of operating parameters under which corrosion rate can actually increase in the presence of film cooling.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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