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Effects of Coolant Density Ratio on Film Cooling Performance on a Vane

[+] Author Affiliations
J. Michael Cutbirth

Naval Surface Warfare Center – Carderock, West Bethesda, MD

David G. Bogard

University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Paper No. GT2003-38582, pp. 385-394; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2003-38582
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2003, Parts A and B
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3688-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

Film cooling performance was studied on a simulated turbine vane model with an objective of determining how much the coolant density ratio affects this performance. Experiments were conducted using coolant density ratios of 1.8 and 1.2. The purpose of the study was to determine if tests done at small density ratios (which is often more viable in a laboratory) can give reasonable predictions of performance at more realistic large density ratios. Furthermore, appropriate scaling parameters were determined. The mainstream flow was operated with low and high turbulence levels. Adiabatic effectiveness was measured in the showerhead region of the vane, and following the first row of coolant holes on the pressure side. Adiabatic effectiveness performance using small density ratio coolant gave performance trends similar to the large density ratio coolant, but quantitative values differed by varying amount depending on operating conditions.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Topics: Density , Cooling , Coolants

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