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CFD Determination of Pre-Chamber Flow Pertubation Inlet Boundary Conditions for Seal Rotordynamics Models

[+] Author Affiliations
Ganesh Venkatesan, David L. Rhode

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX

Paper No. GT2003-38038, pp. 447-458; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3687-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


A new approach has been developed and utilized to determine the flow field perturbations (i.e. disturbances due to rotor whirl) upstream of a non-contacting seal. The results are proposed for use with bulk-flow perturbation and CFD-perturbation seal rotordynamic models, as well as with fully 3-D CFD models, to specify the approximate inlet boundary flow disturbance values at the computational domain inlet. The radially bulk-averaged disturbance quantities were evaluated in the upstream chamber from nearly 40 cases of geometry/operating conditions. The proposed upstream chamber boundary conditions are applicable for liquid as well as gas seals. For each of the measurement test cases considered, improved agreement with measurements was obtained when using the new boundary conditions, even though there was generally little room for improvement when not using the new boundary conditions. Based on the findings in this study it is recommended that the first-order correlations developed here be used to specify approximate boundary conditions at the domain inlet to be located in the upstream chamber.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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