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Blade Excitation by Aerodynamic Instabilities: A Compressor Blade Study

[+] Author Affiliations
Robert E. Kielb, Jeffrey P. Thomas, Kenneth C. Hall

Duke University, Durham, NC

John W. Barter

GE Aircraft Engines, Cincinnati, OH

Paper No. GT2003-38634, pp. 399-406; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3687-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


In this paper, we investigate non-synchronous vibrations (NSV) in turbomachinery, an aeromechanic phenomenon in which rotor blades are driven by a fluid dynamic instability. Unlike flutter, a self-excited vibration in which vibrating rotor blades and the resulting unsteady aerodynamic forces are mutually reinforcing, NSV is primarily a fluid dynamic instability that can cause large amplitude vibrations if the natural frequency of the instability is near the natural frequency of the rotor blade. In this paper, we present both experimental and computational data. Experimental data was obtained from a full size compressor rig where the instrumentation consisted of blade-mounted strain gages and case-mounted unsteady pressure transducers. The computational simulation used a three-dimensional Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) time accurate flow solver. The computational results suggest that the primary flow features of NSV are a coupled suction side vortex shedding and a tip flow instability. The simulation predicts a fluid dynamic instability frequency that is in reasonable agreement with the experimentally measured value.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Topics: Compressors , Blades



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