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Experiment on Linear Compressor Cascade With 3-D Blade Oscillation

[+] Author Affiliations
H. Yang, L. He

University of Durham, Durham, UK

Paper No. GT2003-38484, pp. 365-377; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2003-38484
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3687-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

An experiment has been carried out to enhance the understanding of 3D blade aeroelastic mechanisms and to produce test data of realistic configurations for validation of advanced 3D aeromechanical methods. A low speed rig with a compressor cascade consisting of seven prismatic blades of controlled diffusion profile has been commissioned. The middle blade is mechanically driven to oscillate in a 3D bending/flapping mode. At a nominal steady flow condition unsteady pressure measurements were performed at six spanwise sections for three different reduced frequencies and two different tip-clearance gaps. Off-board pressure transducers were utilized in conjunction with a transfer-function method to correct tubing distortion errors. The linearity of aerodynamic response is confirmed by the tests with different blade oscillation amplitudes, which enables the tuned cascade results to be constructed by using the Influence Coefficient Method. The measured results illustrate fully three-dimensional unsteady behaviour. Strong spanwise unsteady interaction leads to a non-proportional distribution of pressure amplitude at different spanwise locations. The tests with different tip-clearance gaps (1–2% span) show that the near tip region is destabilised as the tip gap is increased. This may be attributed to the local unloading of the corresponding steady flow. The destabilised region is seen to extend to approximately 20% of the blade span. The total aerodynamic damping at the least stable inter-blade phase angle has been reduced by 27%, when the tip gap is increased from nearly zero to 2% span.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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