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Resistance Reduction in Pulsating Turbulent Pipe Flows

[+] Author Affiliations
Marcello Manna

Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II”, Naples, Italy

Andrea Vacca

Seconda Università di Napoli, Aversa, Italy

Paper No. GT2003-38630, pp. 71-82; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2003-38630
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3687-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

The paper describes the effects of a forced harmonic oscillations of fixed frequency and amplitudes in the range Λ = Um /Ub = 1 ÷ 11 on the characteristics of a turbulent pipe flow with a bulk Reynolds number of 5900. The resulting Stokes layer δ is a fraction of the pipe radius (χ = R/δ = 53) so that the vorticity associated to the oscillating motion is generated in a small near wall region. The analysis is carried out processing a set of statistically independent samples obtained from wall resolved Large Eddy Simulations; time and space averaged global quantities, extracted for the sake of comparison with recent experimental data, confirm the presence of a non negligible drag reduction phenomenon. Phase averaged profiles of the Reynolds stress tensor components provide valuable material for the comprehension of the effects of the time varying mean shear upon the near wall turbulent flow structures. The large scale of motion are directly computed through numerical integration of the space filtered three dimensional Navier-Stokes equations with a spectrally accurate code; the subgrid scale terms are parametrized with a dynamic procedure.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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