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Effect of Bundle Waviness on Compressive Strength and Notch Sensitivity of Non-Crimp Fabric Composites

[+] Author Affiliations
Roberts Joffe, Janis Varna

Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden

Paper No. IMECE2002-33586, pp. 21-28; 8 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Applied Mechanics and Biomedical Technology
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3627-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


Non-Crimp Fabrics (NCF) and vinylester resins seem to give lower compression strength data than similar prepreg-based composites. However, the lower data turned out to be not only material issue, but a problem associated with testing methodology, namely design of test fixtures and specimen configuration. Specimen geometry optimization study led to research concerning notch sensitivity of NCF. Investigations were performed testing specimens with circular center holes and symmetric sharp edge notches. In all cases reduction of compressive strength, corresponding to the net cross-section, due to introduced notches was not observed. Although NCF composites showed rather low compressive strength if compared with similar prepreg materials, they also exhibit almost complete notch insensitivity. This can be explained by irregular and uneven internal structure of NCF composite. Due to complex internal geometry NCF composite fails close to an internal defect, prior to the failure in vicinity of the notch, where stress concentration takes place.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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