The primary objective of the present study is to clarify the droplet disintegration mechanism and the film properties of liquid oil films driven by shear stress, which is induced by a co-current gas flow. This work focuses on the flow behavior within the starting length of the complex two-phase flow and the effect of inclination on the entrainment rate. Many investigations have been performed in the past to determine the droplet entrainment in the gas core for fully developed flow conditions with respect to their relevance in pipes of power plants and various chemical engineering systems. In more recent work the effect of inclination has been studied in detail. Nevertheless, a lack of knowledge can be realized for droplet entrainment within the starting length of this complex flow type. Thus, fundamental experiments have been carried out to provide a data base for droplet entrainment of liquid disintegrated from an oil film within its starting length at several inclination angles of the flow. The experimental results have been compared with correlations from literature. Additionally, the wall film thickness has been measured to allow a fully coupled modeling of entrainment and liquid film properties depending on global flow parameters. Based on film Reynolds number, Weber number, a dimensionless film flow length, and a modified Froude number, taking into account the angle of inclination, correlations have been developed, where those from literature are not applicable.
Droplet Entrainment From a Shear-Driven Liquid Wall Film in Inclined Ducts: Experimental Study and Correlation Comparison
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, New Orleans, LA, June 4–7, 2001; Paper 01-GT-115. Manuscript received by IGTI, December 2000, final revision, March 2001. Associate Editor: R. Natole.
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Ebner, J., Gerenda´s , M., Scha¨fer , O., and Wittig , S. (September 24, 2002). "Droplet Entrainment From a Shear-Driven Liquid Wall Film in Inclined Ducts: Experimental Study and Correlation Comparison ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. October 2002; 124(4): 874–880. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1476926
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