The large superconducting magnet are widely used and play an important role in nuclear fusion device, high-energy accelerator, space target infrared and other forefront fields. In this paper, we design several cryogenic centrifugal compressor stages for helium refrigerator with 3.3K∼11K inlet temperature, used in exhausting the low-pressure and low-temperature saturated helium steam, further producing superfluid helium and cooling the large superconducting magnet.
Due to the cryogenic compressor running environment and the internal structure, about 30W heat leakage from impeller hubs and the end of shafts into the flow passages are unavoidable, and it is necessary to consider this heat leakage in the centrifugal compressor impeller design. Firstly, adding the heat leakage into thermodynamic process and centrifugal compressor effective formula, then adjusting the inlet and outlet design parameters according to the heat transfer rate and make the preliminarily designs of each stage of the compressor. Four different methods for varying p design condition parameters are compared by CFD simulation. The 3-D impellers are designed by the Streamline Curvature Method, and the vaneless diffusers and volutes are designed by the inlet and outlet section aerodynamic parameters. When the best design method is determined, the blade profiles are further adjusted in order to improve the stage performance. Finally, the characteristic curves under variable working conditions and the generalized stage performance curves of each stage are calculated. In this paper, we delve into a high efficiency centrifugal compressor stage design method with the consideration of heat transfer effect. In the next step, more running data will be obtained after the further experiments and the long-term operation.