Abstract

Detonative Pressure Gain Combustion has the potential to increase the propulsion efficiency of aero-engines and the thermal efficiency of stationary gas turbines. Important advances were made in this field, especially in the case of Rotating Detonation Combustion (RDC). Although experimental and numerical studies reported in the literature have significantly increased in number, the major open problem is a lack of efficient turbomachinery to transform the fluctuating potential energy from an RDC into power output. For this problem to be properly addressed, time resolved data at the outlet of an RDC needs to be collected. As a first step, numerical data can be used to generate a geometry for the turbine, which must be validated experimentally. To determine the performance of a turbine vane row, total pressure losses need to be measured. There are several challenges in measuring the total pressure between the outlet of an RDC and the inlet of a turbine vane row. The high temperature values, the distance of the pressure transducer from the outlet of the combustor lead to a lower time resolution of the pressure signal. The confined space is also an issue, allowing for very few options in measuring the total pressure. Another major problem is the shock wave that may form as a detached shock wave with respect to the body of the pressure probe at certain moments in the flow cycle, which leads to measuring a different value rather than the actual value of the flow field. To address these issues, the current study presents a numerical investigation of a guide vane row that was experimentally tested at the outlet of an RDC working on hydrogen and air under stoichiometric conditions. One of the vane rows was 3D printed with a geometry allowing the measurement of total pressure. Static pressure at the outlet of the RDC was also measured. It was observed that the measured pressures are average values in time. Based on these averages, the total inlet pressure and velocity variations in time were reconstructed in an exponential trend, according to the ones reported in the literature and the aforementioned experiments. These variations were set as inlet conditions for transient numerical simulations. Results show that the total pressure amplitude decreases significantly when the flow passes the annulus and the vanes as well. By looking in to the flow field detail, the presence of shock wave in front of the blade is investigated. Additionally, it is calculated that the average total pressure decreases 7.9% by the vane row.

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