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Non-Gray Radiation Exchange: The Internal Fractional Function Reconsidered

[+] Author Affiliations
John H. Lienhard, V

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Paper No. IMECE2018-86386, pp. V08BT10A022; 11 pages
  • ASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8B: Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, November 9–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5212-5
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


The radiation fractional function is the fraction of black body radiation below a given value of λT. Edwards and others have distinguished between the traditional, or “external”, radiation fractional function and an “internal” radiation fractional function. The latter is used for simplified calculation of net radiation from a non-gray surface when the temperature of an effectively black source is not far from the surface’s temperature, without calculating a separate total absorptivity. This paper examines the analytical approximation involved in the internal fractional function, with results given in terms of the incomplete zeta function. A rigorous upper bound on the difference between the external and internal emissivity is obtained. Calculations using the internal emissivity are compared to exact calculations for several models and materials. A new approach to calculating the internal emissivity is developed, yielding vastly improved accuracy over a wide range of temperature differences. The internal fractional function can be useful for certain simplified calculations.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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