Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Influence of Blade Shape Geometry on Very Low Specific Speed Centrifugal Pump Performance

[+] Author Affiliations
Muhamed Al-badawi, I. G. Adam, Sherif Haddara, Ahmed H. M. El Sherif

Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Paper No. IMECE2018-87119, pp. V007T09A075; 10 pages
  • ASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, November 9–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5210-1
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


Direct or inverse design methods for centrifugal pumps play an important role in investigating their performance. In this paper, a very low specific speed centrifugal pump impeller of ns = 9.5 (metric), three blades and 222° wrap angle. This pump was investigated using the direct design method to achieve the blade shape geometry and examine the blade angle distribution. As the blade angle progression affects the pump performance, four models with different blade angle distribution were used to perform the hydrodynamic and suction performance of the pump. The linear and non-linear derived correlation models were designed firstly using ANSYS-BladeGen module then studied numerically using ANSYS-CFX module to solve the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations. Validation of the numerical simulation of the investigated centrifugal pump was done using experimental data. Numerical results show that the change in the blade angle distribution has an influence on the blade wrap angle. Consequently, the variation in the blade wrap angle affects the pump head and the relative velocity distribution. The pressure gradient varies in the pump with changing the blade length. Using the velocity streamline and the velocity vector, the eddies existence and distribution in the blade suction side affect the relative velocity distribution and the pump performance. It was found that the blade with the smallest length decreases the pump head and have best velocity distribution.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In