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Brownian Dynamics Simulations of Aggregation Phenomena in a Magnetic Particle Suspension With an Alternating Magnetic Field (Relationship Between the Aggregate Structure and the Heat Production)

[+] Author Affiliations
Seiya Suzuki, Akira Satoh, Muneo Futamura

Akita Prefectural University, Yurihonjo, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2018-86544, pp. V007T09A037; 7 pages
  • ASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, November 9–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5210-1
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


The present study addresses physical phenomena of a suspension composed of magnetic spherical particles in an alternating magnetic field in order to elucidate particle aggregation phenomena and their influence on heat production. For this objective, we have performed Brownian dynamics simulations in a variety of circumstances of the magnetic field strength and frequency of an alternating magnetic field, and the magnetic dipole-dipole interaction strength. As in a time-independent uniform external magnetic field, large aggregates are formed in the case of strong magnetic particle-particle interactions. However, these clusters exhibit completely different behaviors that are dependent on the frequency of an alternating magnetic field. If the frequency is significantly high, then the viscous torque is the dominant factor, so that the formation of the clusters is not significantly influenced by the time-dependent magnetic field. If the frequency is significantly low, the magnetic field have a significant effect on the rotational motion of the particles, so that the formation of the cluster is dependent on which factor dominates the particle motion between the applied magnetic field and the magnetic particle-particle interaction. If the magnetic interaction is more dominant than the external field, stable chain-like clusters are formed in the field direction, and the magnetic particle-particle interaction induces a significant delay for the moments inclining in the alternating magnetic field direction. This behavior gives rise to a hysteresis loop with a larger area and therefore a large heating effect is obtained.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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