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A Numerical Study to Investigate the Influence of Edge Preparation in Vibration Assisted Machining

[+] Author Affiliations
Salman Pervaiz, Wael Abdel Samad

Rochester Institute of Technology - Dubai Campus, Dubai, UAE

Sathish Kannan

American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE

Paper No. IMECE2018-87731, pp. V002T02A014; 7 pages
  • ASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 2: Advanced Manufacturing
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, November 9–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5201-9
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


In machining operation, cutting tool performs a central role towards the overall machining performance. A user from metal cutting community always look for better cutting tools that can enhance productivity by reducing tool wear and cost. Modification in the micro-geometry of cutting edge is termed as edge preparation, and it is performed to improve the machining performance by strengthening the cutting edge, reducing internal stresses of coating and lowering the edge chipping etc. Edge preparation has a controlling influence on the formation of deformation zones, cutting temperature, cutting forces and stresses at the cutting interface. Vibration assisted machining (VAM) concept is gaining fame in the metal cutting sector community for machining difficult-to-machine materials. In VAM, cutting tool moves with a small amplitude vibration instead of moving with a constant cutting velocity. This small amplitude vibrational movement provides better machining performance for difficult-to-cut brittle materials. The current numerical study utilized different edge prepared micro-geometries such as sharp edge, round edge and chamfer edge etc. cutting tools, and then these cutting tools were used in the numerical simulations of VAM. The study shows higher magnitude of cutting forces under VAM with tools with modified geometry. The study is beneficial for the metal cutting community and opens new areas of industrial applications.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Topics: Machining , Vibration



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